Microelectronics is one of the most rapidly changing scientific fields today. The tendency to shrink devices as far as possible results in extremely small devices which can no longer be described using simple analytical models. This book covers various aspects of advanced device modeling and simulation. As such it presents extensive reviews and original research by outstanding scientists. The bulk of the book is concerned with the theory of classical and quantum-mechanical transport modeling, based on macroscopic, spherical harmonics and Monte Carlo methods.