The design of an analog-to-digital converter or digital-to-analog converter is one of the most fascinating tasks in micro-electronics. In a converter the analog world with all its intricacies meets the realm of the formal digital abstraction. Both disciplines must be understood for an optimum conversion solution. In a converter also system challenges meet technology opportunities. Modern systems rely on analog-to-digital converters as an essential part of the complex chain to access the physical world. And processors need the ultimate performance of digital-to-analog converters to present the results of their complex algorithms. The same progress in CMOS technology that enables these VLSI digital systems creates new challenges for analog-to-digital converters: lower signal swings, less power and variability issues. Last but not least, the analog-to-digital converter must follow the cost reduction trend. These changing boundary conditions require micro-electronics engineers to consider their design choices for every new design.Analog-to-Digital Conversion discusses the different analog-to-digital conversion principles: sampling, quantization, reference generation, nyquist architectures and sigma-delta modulation. It also presents an overview of the state-of-the-art in this field and focuses on issues of optimizing accuracy and speed while reducing the power level.A lot of background knowledge and practical tips complement the discussion of basic principles, which makes Analog-to-Digital Conversion also a reference for the experienced engineer.