Building an 'area of freedom, security and justice' is one of the European Union's more recent goals. Enlarging to include ten new member states is its most recent achievement. However, there has been relatively little analysis of the challenges faced in pursuing the two aims at the same time. The administrations and police forces of post-communist states have had to be radically transformed in order to deal with problems such as organized crime and terrorism and securing the border-free Europe and coping with the pressures of asylum-seekers and illegal migrants, while at the same time assuring not just internal security for their citizens, but also freedom and justice. Combining contributions from specialists in both old and new member states, this book looks at how the tasks have been tackled, with a particular focus on the view from within the new EU countries in East Central Europe.