The volume deals with the basic aspects of anaesthesia, IC and pain in neonates and children. Topics covered here include anatomy and physiology, strategies to be adopted in the treatment of these patients, the use of 'off-label' pharmacological agents within paediatric perioperative medicine. Internationally recognised guidelines aimed at standardising the most important procedures, such as the treatment of hypothermia, central venous catheterisation techniques, or prevention of catheter-induced infections are also discussed. The last part of the volume is more focused on clinical and technical aspects of anaesthesia induction and monitoring. The volume will be a useful update for neonatologists, pediatricians, anesthesiologists in their clinical practice, and an educational tool for residents in these fields.