This volume provides a comprehensive survey by international experts of recent developments in the field of nuclear structure. Both experimental and theoretical issues are covered. On the experimental side, the latest research and the envisaged developments in the most important laboratories, where radioactive ion beams are available, are reviewed in detail. On the theoretical side, the various approaches to a fundamental theory of nuclear structure starting from the nucleon-nucleon interaction are discussed, going from few-body systems, where “ab initio” calculations are possible, to complex nuclei, where the shell model plays a key role. Results of current experimental and theoretical studies on exotic nuclei are also presented.