Since the late 1990s, a subtle, subversive element has been at work within the staid confines of the Hollywood dream factory. Young filmmakers like Spike Jonze, Wes Anderson, Michel Gondry, David O. Russell, Richard Linklater, and Sofia Coppola rode in on the coattails of the independent film movement that blossomed in the early 1990s and have managed to wage an aesthetic campaign against imaginative cowardice of all persuasions, much like their artistic forebears -- the so-called Movie Brats Coppola, Scorsese, De Palma, Altman, and Ashby among others -- did in the 1970s. But their true pedigree can be traced back to the cinematic provocateurs of the Nouvelle Vague (Truffaut, Goddard, Chabrol, Rohmer, Rivette, et al), who in the late 1950s and throughout the 1960s liberated screens around the world with a series of films that challenged our assumptions of what the medium could offer and how stories could be told -- all of them snapping with style as much as they delivered on ideas. Highly idiosyncratic yet intricately realised, accessible yet willing to overthrow the constraints of formal storytelling, surreal yet always grounded in human emotions, this new breed of American film captures the angst of its characters and the times in which we live, but with a wryness, imagination, earnestness, irony and stylish wit that makes the slide into existential despair a little more amusing than it should be. This book analyses and traces the origins of the pivotal films and directors in this undeclared war on the mundane.