Since 1991, China has emerged as a significant player in international arms control and nonproliferation regimes but the nature of China's interaction with the rest of the world, and specifically with global institutions, remains a subject yet to be examined in detail. "China and International Arms Control, a"n empirically and conceptually path-breaking book, is the first to document China's participation in international arms control in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. It focuses on the distinction between US expectations of Chinese compliance, which China has not always met, and international standards, against which Chinese performance is acceptable. Frieman carefully documents China's role in the seven specific arms control regimes and uses the examination to offer suggestions about to gain China's commitment and compliance in the future. The book highlights that policy initiative grounded in the history of Chinese behavior are more likely to be successful than those that stem from overstatements and misconceptions. Based on extensive fieldwork and interviews with over one hundred Chinese and US government officials, this work casts new light on both the nature of Chinese military power and the regimes that have attempted to constrain it. It will be invaluable for policy makers and analysts and will appeal to scholars of Chinese security studies, foreign policy, international relations and arms control and disarmament.