The exponential growth of China's stock markets in the past decade has attracted global attention from academics and practitioners. The practitioner's interest in Chinese markets stems from corporations; investors and financial institutions foresee substantial benefits from investing in China in the long run. However, the academic literature on the development of securities markets and reform of state enterprises in China is still in its infancy and fragmented. This handbook aims to bridge that gap by presenting a wide spectrum of research in the forefront of financial applications. It integrates theory and practice with state-of-the-art statistical techniques and provides numerous insights into the main challenges confronting Chinese markets in the new millennium.