In comparison to the democratic nation state, the institutions of Europeanand global governance clearly suffer from a democratic deficit. Many haveargued that the increased participation of civil society in internationalgovernance may be a cure for this democratic deficit and this collectioninvestigates whether this argument is supported by empirical evidence. Tenoriginal essays use comparative research to analyze current patterns ofcivil society consultation in thirty-two intergovernmental organizations andregimes, including the European Union. In particular, chapters examineproblems of access, transparency, responsiveness and inclusion. The studyconcludes that civil society consultation holds much promise for rectifyingthe democratic deficit but that most institutional arrangements in theircurrent form fall short of realizing their democratizing potential.