Like other fields of science, wildlife conservation is a changing field. Threats facing wild populations of apes and other species, say 20 years ago, are likely not the same ones most pressing today, and even where threats have remained unchanged, more effective means of addressing them may be available now. Conservation scientists have learned from many years of experience, and both theoretical and technological advances today provide conservation tools not available in the past. This volume identifies the primary problems faced in conserving wild populations of gorillas throughout Africa, pinpointing new approaches to solving these problems and outlining the increased role that zoos can play in gorilla conservation. It includes expertise of field scientists in a variety of disciplines to discuss current conservation threats, novel approaches to conservation, and potential solutions.