This intensely interestingand troublingbook is the product of a lifetime of reflection and study of democracy. In it, John Lukacs addresses the questions of how our democracy has changed and why we have become vulnerable to the shallowest possible demagoguery.Lukacs contrasts the political systems, movements, and ideologies that have bedeviled the twentieth century: democracy, Liberalism, nationalism, fascism, Bolshevism, National Socialism, populism. Reflecting on American democracy, Lukacs describes its evolution from the eighteenth century to its current forma dangerous and possibly irreversible populism. This involves, among other things, the predominance of popular sentiment over what used to be public opinion. This devolution has happened through the gigantic machinery of publicity, substituting propagandaand entertainmentfor knowledge, and ideology for a sense of history. It is a kind of populism that relies on nationalism and militarism to hold society together.Lukacs's observations are original, biting, timely, sure to inspire lively debate about the precarious state of American democracy today.

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