The landscape of development is changing with the growing recognition that the 'marketplace' cannot guarantee benefits for the poor. This has led to a reawakening of interest in the capacity of governments to plan and facilitate poverty reduction. Reflecting calls for a more holistic and multidisciplinary exploration of development planning for poverty reduction, this collection brings together economic and anthropological views to facilitate a dialogue between two perspectives that are often seen as competing. The contributors interrogate the definition of poverty and the relationship between the donors and recipients of development assistance. They critique attempts to increase the poverty focus of development projects and government strategies, and consider some microeconomic perspectives for assessing the distribution of benefits from investment projects and programmes.