The greatest number of malnourished children in the world reside in Asia. The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Asia is inspired by the massive challenge that this situation currently poses for Asia. It describes the main driving forces behind the groundswell of undernutrition, while shedding light on the emerging double burden of co-existing underweight and overweight, and the linkages between these two different forms of malnutrition. Following detailed analyses of causes and consequences, Gillespie and Haddad provide clear evidence-based options for remedial action in differing contexts, all based on the use of a practical approach to conceptualising risks and opportunities through the lifecycle. Taken together, the evidence and experience presented by the authors constitute a powerful weapon in the battle against malnutrition, and one that is relevant for a wide range of actors and institutions both in Asia and beyond.