Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the USA and UK. It is a major cause of disability among adults and is a significant factor in dementia in later life and its incidence is on the rise. This book discusses specific medications that target the blood and vasculature and how these treatments can be used to complement other therapeutic measures, such as carotid endarterectomy. It covers the pharmacological methods used to address the risk factors in stroke, the major drug discoveries of recent years--antiaggregant, antithrombotic, and anticoagulant therapies--and also long established therapies such as aspirin and warfarin. With contributions by internationally recognized experts, this is a unique single source of information on current pharmacological prevention of stroke.