Economic analysis of the family is a recent, but already well established area in economics. This book bears evidence to the lively and relevant research in the area. Essays in this comprehensive collection provide a clear picture of the state of the art of economics of the family and explore theoretical and empirical applications. The contributors further analyse tax, public child care and parental leave policies in terms of the incentives they create for labour supply, time allocation, human capital accumulation and the choice of how to organize child care. This volume also draws on experience from the Nordic countries, renowned for their experience with family and gender equality policies.