Over the past twenty-five years, education has been transformed as it has moved to the centre of the political stage. There has been intense public and political interest in educational issues and there have been major changes in the ways in which schools, further education colleges and universities are organised and controlled. Education, Reform and the State provides the definitive contemporary history of education policy. The book brings together leading scholars to reflect on the major legislative and structural changes in education. Chapters include: -- Education, the state and the politics of reform: the historical context-- Creating a mass system of higher education-- The reinvention of teacher professionalism-- Empowerment or performativity?-- Gender and education policyEducation, Reform and the State combines contemporary history and policy analysis in a unique way, providing students of education policy, academics and researchers with important reference material.