In the study of entrepreneurship, which has become over the last decade an expanding subject of scholarship, there has been little interaction between economic theory and history. For the first time a single volume combines analyses of leading specialists from both disciplines. The volume written by leading specialists contributes towards a more systematic understanding of entrepreneurship. Part One examines the ways theory and historical evidence can be linked and how economic theory can contribute to improving the historical interpretation of entrepreneurship. Part Two covers significant thematic aspects of the history of entrepreneurship, such as innovation, company founders, venture capital, gender and the diaspora. Conceptual analyses are fused with historical archive-based work, reflecting the current state of the art and new directions in research.