With the completion of human genome sequencing, human genetics is poised for major developments in functional genomics, molecular diagnostics, pathogenesis of complex multifactorial diseases and gene-based therapy. This book includes manuscripts from an international symposium on human genetics and gene therapy as well as articles written by a selection of young researchers in the Asia Pacific region who are actively involved in a diverse range of medical problems, including cancers, infections, hypertension and myopia. New technologies being developed in gene therapy, lab-on-chips and bioinformatics are reported. The book provides a snapshot of the diverse approaches and solutions being developed at the frontiers of human genetics. It will be useful to researchers and students in molecular genetics and the life sciences, professionals in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries, as well as clinicians who are interested in molecular medicine and gene therapy.