The increasing power of computer technologies, the evolution of software engineering and the advent of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) worldwide has helped make traffic simulation one of the most used approaches for traffic analysis in support of the design and evaluation of traffic systems. The ability of traffic simulation software to emulate the time variability of traffic phenomena makes it a uniquely useful tool for capturing the complexity of traffic systems. While a wide variety of simulation software is available, no one book has presented a unified treatment of the subject.Fundamentals of Traffic Simulation is the first book to provide practitioners and researchers with a comprehensive treatment of the state of the art of traffic simulation. Leading researchers worldwide provide up-to-date information on:Simulation as a well established and grounded OR technique and its specificities when applied to traffic systemsThe main approaches to traffic simulation and the principles of traffic simulation model buildingThe fundamentals of traffic flow theory and its application to traffic simulation inMicroscopic traffic modelingMesoscopic traffic modelingMacroscopic traffic modelingThe principles of Dynamic Traffic Assignment and its application to traffic simulationThe calibration and validation of traffic simulation modelsThis important work will appeal to professionals, including transport consultants, managers in design firms and government, and even simulation software developers. It will also provide researchers with the first comprehensive overview of the subject, and can serve as a text or recommended reading in courses on traffic simulation and transportation analysis.