In India the process of modernization and development was initiated in the early 1950s, bringing in its fold a number of issues. This book discusses and analyzes from an economic and social perspective some of these vital concernsgrowth, equity, environment and human resources. It is a collection of the work of researchers at the Institute of Economic Growth (IEG), inspired by the forthcoming Golden Jubilee Year of the IEG. The essays in the volume employ sophisticated quantitative techniques in the analyses, thereby enhancing the quality of the subject matter. The volume will prove immensely useful for planners and policymakers as well as students and scholars of development studies.The essays are organized in five sections. The first section comprises issues concerning growth viewed from the perspectives of macro-economics, agriculture and industry. Another section deals with regional and gender equity. Economics and sociology of the environment constitute a third section, while a fourth section is about population, migration and health. The last section discusses sociological perspectives on religion, the institution of family and its place in modern society.