Human well-being is a core global issue. Achieving and sustaining higher levels of well-being is challenge for individual citizens, governments and international organisations world-wide. Measures of human well-being levels are an integral part of this process, being used increasingly to monitor and evaluate conditions within and among countries. Not only has the number of indicators of human well-being increased appreciably in recent years, but demands that they capture more fully progress in the various dimensions of human well-being have also increased. A key demand is that these indicators need to more fully capture the non-economic dimensions of well-being. This book provides insights into how human well-being might be better measured, by undertaking conceptual and empirical research into the assessment of achieved human well-being. It does this by taking stock of and reviewing various concepts and measures and providing recommendations for future practice and research.