In the last few years, remarkable technological advances have been achieved in bridge engineering technology. These cover a wide spectrum of issues, ranging from design, maintenance, and rehabilitation methodologies to material and monitoring innovations. Within an international framework of exchanging the state-of-the-art in the field of bridge engineering, the Fourth New York City Bridge Conference was held on August 27-28, 2007. This book contains a selected number of papers that were presented at the conference. These papers are valuable contributions to the body of knowledge in bridge engineering technology. The Fourth New York City Bridge Conference was distinguished for its global impact. Bridge engineering experts from Belgium, Canada, Croatia, England, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Lebanon, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Switzerland, Taiwan and Turkey presented papers on the latest innovations in the field. Along with the contributions by prominent bridge engineering professionals from the United States, this excellent collection of papers will assure the archival quality of this book.