How groups of people, from various educational settings worlwide, conduct research together is the subject of this book. Rather than wait for top- down policy changes in education, many practitioners are conducting research in order to implement reform from the bottom-up, the aim of this research being to progress action necessary for educational reform. The authors look at different aspects and the impact of action research on educational reform around the world, including: how do geography and philosophy affect differences on this work worldwide?; what is the political nature of groups currently taking action to improve education?; and what are the tensions between personal and instructional changes that come from participating in action research? The text also considers the effects of action research on changes in the professions including education, social work, nursing and management.