Colonial civil servant, Fabian socialist, and eminence grise of the Bloomsbury circle, Leonard Woolf, was one of the most prolific writers on international relations of the early-mid twentieth century. His report for the Fabian Society, International Government, was influential in the creation of the League of Nations. He was a co-founder of the popular pressure group, the League of Nations Society. He was a leading critic of Empire. He helped to educate the British Labour Party on global issues, constructing, in 1929, its first credible foreign policy. With his wife, Virginia, he founded the celebrated Hogarth press. He pioneered "functionalist" and " transnationalist" theory. He pioneered documentary journalism. He wrote towards the end of his long life one of the most insightful autobiographies of the twentieth century.This book examines the thought of this fascinating and relatively unknown political thinker. It thoroughly reassesses his ideas, for decades condemned as 'utopian,' in the context of the much more fluid international scene of the twenty-first century. In particular, it asks whether his ideas about international government gained new pertinency in the post Cold War century.