This pioneering work addresses Islamic property and land rights by drawing on a range of socio-historical, classical and contemporary debates. The authors consider the possibilities for inclusive and pro-poor approaches to land rights within Islamic legal and human rights systems. They also focus on Muslim women's rights to property. Engaging with institutions such as the Islamic endowment (waqf) and principles of Islamic microfinance, they test the workability of 'authentic' Islamic proposals. Located in human rights as well as Islamic debates, this study offers a well-researched and constructive appraisal of property and land rights in the Muslim world.