The book is a collection about cultural-historical activity theory as it has been developed and applied by YrjaE saE EngestraE saE m. The work of EngestraE saE m is both rooted in the legacy of Vygotsky and Leont'ev and focuses on current research concerns that are related to learning and development in work practices. His publications cross various disciplines and develop intermediate theoretical tools to deal with empirical questions. In this volume, EngestraE saE m's work is used as a springboard to reflect on the question of the use, appropriation, and further development of the classic heritage within activity theory. The book is structured as a discussion among senior scholars, including Y. EngestraE saE m himself. The work of the authors pushes on classical activity theory to address pressing issues and critical contradictions in local practices and larger social systems.