This book addresses the interests of a large community of researchers in the fields of XML-based annotation techniques and corpus-based language technology. It covers the most significant recent developments in this field, from multi-layered mark-up and standards to theoretical formalisms to applications. The contributions are based on research projects at international level in text technology, computational linguistics, hypertext modeling and in the domain of standards and tools for language resources. Core topics are: strategies for multi-layered document modeling and processing, mark-up at different levels for textual resources, and text-technological information modeling. The sections of the book offer an exhaustive coverage of many of the current topics in the fields concerned, especially: Multi-layered Markup; Markup Languages and Language Resources; Markup and Text Types; Markup Languages and Hypertext; Markup and Formalization.