The search for cleaner, cheaper, smaller and more efficient energy technologies has to a large extent been motivated by the development of new materials. The aim of this collection of articles is therefore to focus on what materials-based solutions can offer and show how the rational design and improvement of their physical and chemical properties can lead to energy-production alternatives that have the potential to compete with existing technologies. In terms of alternative means to generate electricity that utilize renewable energy sources, the most dramatic breakthroughs for both mobile (i.e., transportation) and stationary applications are taking place in the fields of solar and fuel cells. And from an energy-storage perspective, exciting developments can be seen emerging from the fields of rechargeable batteries and hydrogen storage.Sample Chapter(s)Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices (5,419 KB)Contents: Excitons in Nanoscale Systems (G D Scholes & G Rumbles)Nanowire Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (M Law et al.)Complex Thermoelectric Materials (G J Snyder & E S Toberer)Silicon Nanowires as Efficient Thermoelectric Materials (A I Boukai et al.)Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors (P Simon & Y Gogotsi)High-Performance Lithium Battery Anodes Using Silicon Nanowires (C K Chan et al.)Advanced Anodes for High-Temperature Fuel Cells (A Atkinson et al.)A Redox-Stable Efficient Anode for Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells (S-W Tao & J T S Irvine)High-Capacity Hydrogen Storage in Lithium and Sodium Amidoboranes (Z-T Xiong et al.)Tuning Clathrate Hydrates for Hydrogen Storage (H Lee et al.)and other papersReadership: Students, professional and chemists, physicists, material scientists, engineers, biomedical scientists and anyone interested in energetic issues.