One of the big challenges that today's growing cities are coping with is the delivery of effective and sustainable waste management, together with a good sanitation. This volume provides a comprehensive presentation and overall picture of municipal solid waste management, including waste generation and characterization, waste reduction and recycling, waste collection and transfer and waste disposal. It analyses how these aspects are practiced in developing and developed countries. The traditional method of disposal - composting at different scales - is discussed, including the benefits of compost. 'Energy-from-waste-technologies' are amply discussed, with comparisons between developed and developing countries, and with parameters and conditions for successful operation of these technologies. Moreover, the construction and operational aspects of landfills - to maintain environmental safety and the health of the residents nearby - are described in depth. In addition to a chapter with case studies of several countries and cities in every continent, a special chapter is dedicated to municipal solid waste management in India, including legal provisions, financial resources, private participation and citizens' rights and obligations, and the status in three major cities. By presenting different elements that constitute a sustainable procedure, including the recovery of clean energy, this volume will serve as a guide to students in science and engineering and to key players in waste management services and policies.