Drawing on a rich heritage of research that demonstrates the thoroughly gendered nature of work organizations, this book explores a key question, which, as yet, remains unanswered. What is the relation between gendered organizations and gendered identities? Rejecting accounts which suggest that identities are simply imposed on powerless bodies, the book traces the active negotiation of identity as we encounter the complex resources of organizational life. The book shows that these resources are embedded in the particular places, spaces and times that constitute work organizations, and, indeed, that it is through the negotiation of identities in these contexts that gendered organizations are made, re-made and - on occasion - challenged. Theoretical arguments from disciplines including Sociology, Geography, History, and Gender Studies are worked out through a new in-depth study of doctors and nurses working in the British National Health Service.