The 1973 military coup, which overthrew the democratically elected left-wing government of Salvador Allende, gave previously periph-eral authoritarian elements of the right the opportunity to exercise almost unlimited political and economic power. These sectors - principally the economists of the Chicago School of free market economics and the gremialistas, a traditional Catholic movement inspired by the corporatism of such figures as Spainis Franco and Primo de Rivera - remained the dominant political, economic and ideological expression throughout the military regime of General Augusto Pinochet (1973-90).This book examines how this right has adapted to functioning as eloyal oppositioni in the new democratic order, after having exercised power for seventeen years within an authoritarian political system. The central question, therefore, is whether the right is now conforming to the rules of the electoral game or is still harking back to the golden ageof military politics. Since the sector still has the support of around one-third of the electorate, this question is of paramount importance to the future of Chile's still nascent democracy.

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