This book provides a lucid account of Nietzsche's political thought, challenging those contemporary readings of Nietzsche which say that he is apolitical, amenable to liberal democracy or resistant to political codification. The author locates a Machiavellian militancy at the core of Nietzsche's poltical conception, a radical response to the nineteenth century aristocratic liberal critique of democratic society. Nietzsche's principal philosophical doctrines resonate with political responsiblility. Far from being an untimely figure, his political concerns and solutions are shared by many of his own generation. Nietzschean militancy operates in the Bonapartist trajectory: autocratic will in the guise of popular rule.