The issue of nuclear energy excites strong emotions and there are widely differing views as to whether nuclear power can or should make a major contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. With the nuclear issue back on the agenda worldwide, this highly topical collection steers a path through these controversies, presenting the views of proponents of nuclear expansion, examining the challenges that face them and exploring the arguments of those who support alternative approaches. Providing an overview of both sides of the debate this book addresses questions such as can nuclear energy ever be green? Can nuclear result in an effective sustainable energy policy? How should we deal with nuclear waste? What is the impact of nuclear on security? Ultimately these essays focus on which mix of technologies would offer the best response to climate change.