Printed circuit boards (PCBs) play a vital role in our daily lives. With increasing applications of PCBs, one way to increase a PCB manufacturers competitiveness in terms of operation efficiency is to minimize production time. This is the first book to focus on the optimization of the PCB assembly lines efficiency. It integrates the component sequencing and the feeder arrangement problems together for the pick-and-place machine and the chip shooter machines; constructs mathematical models and develops an effective heuristic solution approach for the integrated problems of placement machines, the line assignment problem, and the component allocation problem; and develops a prototype of the PCB assembly planning system. The techniques proposed will enable process planners in the electronics industry to improve their assembly lines efficiency. Graduate students in operations research can use this to familiarise themselves with the techniques and applications of mathematical modeling.