Political economy and Christian theology coexisted happily in the intellectual world of the Eighteenth Century. During the Nineteenth Century they came to be seen as incompatible, even mutually hostile. In the Twentieth Century they went their separate ways and are no longer on speaking terms. These fourteen essays by Anthony Waterman serve as snapshots of the history of this estrangement, and illustrate the gradual replacement of the discourse of theology by that of economics as the rational framework of political debate. Donald Winch and others have shown that political economy is an important, though neglected, element in modern intellectual history. Jonathan Clark and others have done the same for Christian theology. This book is the first to combine these two lines of inquiry.