Why are socialists, communists, and social democrats concerned with the distribution of wealth? Why do they place so much importance on public goods such as education and healthcare? To what extent does democracy matter to socialist ideologies? In The Politics of Equality, Jason C. Myers sheds new light on questions such as these, providing a readable, contemporary introduction to egalitarian political philosophy. Concentrating on ideas and values rather than on the rise and fall of parties and movements, the book offers crucial insights into a vital tradition of political thought and how it is key to our understanding of contemporary debates, from national healthcare and retirement pensions to the role of government in responding to economic crisis. This is essential reading for anyone interested in constructing a more just society.