This book provides an introduction to the history, founding principles, institutions, and activities of the EU and an overview of the 25 member States. It includes a detailed description of the EU policies on research, innovation and technology by emphasizing common objectives of greater competitiveness and sustained (and sustainable) growth. It also includes an analysis of EU policies that most closely govern research and innovation: rules and initiatives concerning the creation of an internal market, competitive policies, and economic and monetary policies. The text originates from courses taught at Georgia Technical Institute (US), the University of Bologna (Italy), and the University of Ferrara (Italy). An Appendix includes distance-learning materials.