'Sensors' is the first self-contained series to deal with the whole area of sensors. It describes general aspects, technical and physical fundamentals, construction, function, applications and developments of the various types of sensors.This volume provides a unique overview of optical sensors. Fundamentals, technical aspects, applications and various measuring techniques in the wide field of optics are described. It also covers light propagation, its measurement, the principles of photoelectric conversion as well as a survey of light sources, detectors and different kinds of optical parts. Five chapters describe detection schemes depending on wavelength, phase, and pulsetime. It also presents topics such as: Instruments approved in industry and novel concepts of optical sensors; Fiber and integrated optics as more recent techniques; Different techniques of optical sensing such as machine vision and signal processing, and for the determination surface morphology and deformation are covered. This volume is an indispensable reference work and text book for both specialists and newcomers, researchers and developers.