4 Spon's Asia Pacific Construction Costs Handbook includes construction cost data for 20 countries. This new edition has been extended to include Pakistan and Cambodia. Australia, UK and America are also included, to facilitate comparison with construction costs elsewhere.Information is presented for each country in the same way, as follows:* key data on the main economic and construction indicators. * an outline of the national construction industry, covering structure, tendering and contract procedures, materials cost data, regulations and standards* labour and materials cost data * Measured rates for a range of standard construction work items * Approximate estimating costs per unit area for a range of building types* price index data and exchange rate movements against sterling, $US and Japanese Yen The book also includes a Comparative Data section to facilitate country-to-country comparisons. Figures from the national sections are grouped in tables according to national indicators, construction output, input costs and costs per square metre for factories, offices, warehouses, hospitals, schools, theatres, sports halls, hotels and housing.This unique handbook will be an essential reference for all construction professionals involved in work outside their own country and for all developers or multinational companies assessing comparative development costs.