Thirty years after the publication of the famous symposium issue of the Review of Economic Studies, which started the neoclassical literature on growth theory and resource economics, this volume seeks to reinforce research efforts in order to provide adequate solutions for todays challenges in the field of sustainable development. It compiles innovative current research from resource, energy and environmental economics and dynamic economic theory. It contains both new approaches as well as detailed surveys of the existing literature. The chapters in the book cover a broad range of aspects regarding the relationship between natural resource use and long-term economic development. In particular, the following topics are studied: incentives for adoption and diffusion of clean technology, resource scarcity and limits to growth, international convergence of energy intensity, and the social norms shaping resource depletion.