This comprehensive textbook provides the definitive account of effective care for pediatric HIV patients. Drawing on the massive and burgeoning published literature from a wide range of sources, this volume summarises a wealth of information concerning the aetiology of the disease and the best clinical care for this vulnerable group. It distils the very latest knowledge of virology, immunology and pathogenesis and uses this to illuminate and explain management recommendations. Recently, many new agents for the treatment and prophylaxis of HIV infection and the opportunistic infections that accompany HIV infection have been developed, accompanied by many new ways of monitoring HIV infection in children. These new therapies and approaches to management are complicated, but the long-term health of HIV-infected children depends on their meticulously correct application. This textbook explains, helps and guides the clinician through all these complexities to facilitate the best possible care for children with HIV infection.