The role of environmental analysis in economic policy making has remained largely limited despite vast literature on environmental economics and governance. An effective integration of economic and environmental sciences with pragmatic design of institutions and policies is still urgently needed for practical use. This book offers a policy framework for economic policies that meaningfully integrate environmental and ecological resource factors. Based on analyses and new insights on sustainable development, this book provides pragmatic approaches for economic policy formulation and implementation, as well as for institutional reform. Thematic aspects include trade and environment, poverty and environment, recognition and accounting of factor limitations beyond traditional economic analyses, and an efficient choice of market and regulatory regimes for effective economic, environmental and social governance.