After almost thirty years of equality legislation, women continue to earn significantly less than men. This is true in the UK as much as elsewhere in Europe, North America and New Zealand. Yet the persistent pay gap hides new divisions between women in the labour market. This book brings together political economists, sociologists, practising lawyers, industrial relations experts and trade unionists from three continents. It reviews EU policy on sex discrimination, citizenship and immigration; analyses the effects of globalization and neoliberal economic policies on gender equality in the UK, North America and New Zealand; includes case-studies of female immigrant workers in Italy and the UK; and provides a critical review of pay equity legislation in the UK and Canada. It ends with a positive focus on strategies to make the current legislative framework work for women. The book includes contributions from key experts in the field of pay equity and benefits from their practical commitment to equality.