Giardia is a relatively simple eukaryotic microbe, causing acute and chronic diarrhea which has been used as a model to understand complex biological processes occurring in eukaryotic cells. Further, due to its parasitic lifestyle, Giardia is an excellent system for the study of the mechanisms of adaptation and cell differentiation from the perspectives of molecular and cell biology.This book presents a comprehensive review of the current state of knowledge regarding all aspects of Giardias biology, including epidemiology, cell and molecular biology, genetics, pathogenesis, diagnostics, and clinical treatment. It was written by internationally renowned authors, the leading researchers in the field including several chapters with techniques and resources available for the study of this microorganism. Questions that need to be addressed to fully understand the molecular mechanisms of the parasite as well as the cause of its pathology are presented. Furthermore, Giardias biology is compared with that of other parasites in relation to their complexity.This volume is an indispensable resource for researchers working with this parasite. It is a must for libraries and the bookshelves of everyone interested in the biology of parasites and early-branching eukaryotes.