This book is the first comprehensive introduction to the multidisciplinary field of natural image statistics and its intention is to present a general theory of early vision and image processing in a manner that can be approached by readers from a variety of scientific backgrounds. A wealth of relevant background material is presented in the first section as an introduction to the subject. Following this are five unique sections, carefully selected so as to give a clear overview of all the basic theory, as well as the most recent developments and research. This structure, together with the included exercises and computer assignments, also make it an excellent textbook. Natural Image Statistics is a timely and valuable resource for advanced students and researchers in any discipline related to vision, such as neuroscience, computer science, psychology, electrical engineering, cognitive science or statistics.