Research consistently suggests that 1.0 to 2.6% of radiology reports contain serious errors, many of which are avoidable, and it is clear that all radiologists can struggle with the basic questions as to whether a study is normal or abnormal. Pearls and Pitfalls in Abdominal Imaging presents over 100 conditions in the abdomen and pelvis which can commonly cause confusion and mismanagement in daily radiological practice, providing a focused textbook that can be readily used to avoid wrong diagnoses and prevent incorrect management or even malpractice litigation. It includes 700 figures and covers all the major modalities including CT, PET/CT and MRI. The pearls and pitfalls include artifacts, anatomic variants, mimics, and a miscellany of diagnoses that are under-recognized or only recently described. Conditions are presented in anatomic order from diaphragm to the symphysis pubis, with grouping by location and organ system.