Located in the northernmost reaches of Russia, the islands of Solovki are among the most remote in the world. And yet from the Bronze Age through the twentieth century, the islands have attracted an astonishing cast of saints and scoundrels, soldiers and politicians. The site of a beautiful medieval monasteryonce home to one of the greatest libraries of eastern EuropeSolovki became in the twentieth century a notorious labor camp. Roy Robson recounts the history of Solovki from its first settlers through the present day, as the history of Russia plays out on this miniature stage. In the 1600s, the piety and prosperity of Solovki turned to religious rebellion, siege, and massacre. Peter the Great then used it as a prison. But Solovkis glory was renewed in the nineteenth century as it became a major pilgrimage siteonly to descend again into horror when the islands became, in the words of Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the mother of the Gulag system. From its first intrepid visitors through the blood-soaked twentieth century, Solovkilike Russia itselfhas been a site of both glorious achievement and profound misery.