Medical devices and surgical tools that contain micro and nanoscale features allow surgeons to perform clinical procedures with greater precision and safety while monitoring physiological and biomechanical parameters more accurately. While surgeons have started to master the use of nanostructured surgical tools in the operating room, this book addresses for the first time the impact and interaction of nanomaterials and nanostructured coatings in a comprehensive manner. Surface Engineered Surgical Tools and Medical Devices presents the latest information and techniques in the emerging field of surface engineered biomedical devices and surgical tools, and analyzes the interaction between nanotechnology, nanomaterials, and tools for surgical applications. Chapters of the book describe developments in coatings for heart valves, stents, hip and knee joints, cardiovascular devices, orthodontic applications, and regenerative materials such as bone substitutes. Chapters are also dedicated to the performance of surgical tools and dental tools and describe how nanostructured surfaces can be created for the purposes of improving cell adhesion between medical devices and the human body.