The Engineer and the Scandal gives an in-depth study into an important part of the development of the Theory of Porous Media as well as the amazing story of the glittering life of Professor Karl von Terzaghi. It provides an outline of the bitter dispute between him and Professor Paul Fillunger, both working at the Technische Hochschule of Vienna, Austria, in the fields of soil mechanics and technical mechanics during the 1930s. The ugly confrontation with its tragic end was a scandal in many respects. The author, a well-known scientist himself in the field of the mechanics of porous media, investigated this piece of science history in Austria, Norway, and the United States of America. He discloses an amazing story which has been nearly forgotten although it produced large headlines in the Vienna of 1937.