This collection of technical articles, written by leading international researchers in robotics, presents threads of modern robotics research. Topics explored in these chapters include: (1) Mobile robots in extreme environments. (2) Autonomous spacecraft. (3) The design of networked robotic systems. (4) Robotic grasping using inputs from vision systems. (5) Advances in manipulation and mobility inspired by human control systems. (6) New directions in human-robot interaction. (7) A biomimetic approach to autonomous robot design. (8) Applying multi-task learning to inverse dynamics.